Ongoing Conflict in Kachin State
Attacks in Kachin state resumed five years ago.
* More than 100,000 civilians have been forced to flee their homes.
* The Burmese Army has used rape and sexual violence as a weapon of war.
* The government and military are restricting humanitarian aid to those forced to flee their homes. What aid is getting through isn’t nearly enough.
Take action: Rohingya refugees
Please write to the UN Secretary General, Mr. Ban Ki-Moon at email@example.com asking him to personally take the lead in negotiating access for humanitarian aid to all areas in Burma’s Rakhine State. A draft email is outlined.
Since sectarian violence erupted in June 2012 in Western Burma’s Arakan State between the Buddhist Rakhine and Muslim Rohingya, hundreds of people have been killed, thousands of homes destroyed and over 140,000 people have been displaced.
The Rohingya people have been the primary victims of the violence as reports indicate that Arakan and local security forces colluded in acts of arson and violence against Rohingya in Sittwe and in the predominantly Muslim townships of northern Arakan State.
The sectarian violence has created a growing humanitarian crisis for both Arakan and Rohingya communities which needs immediate attention. In the Rohingya displacement camps, the vast majority of which have received no assistance, there is severe overcrowding, above emergency levels of child malnutrition, totally inadequate water and sanitation, and almost no education. Access by UN personnel and independent NGOs to the affected areas, particularly Northern Arakan State, has been severely restricted.
In July, President Thein Sein told the UN High Commissioner for Refugees António Guterres that the “solution” for sectarian unrest in Arakan State was to deport Rohingya people to a third country or to relocate them to UNHCR-run refugee camps.
The Rohingya people are a Muslim minority group residing in North Arakan State in Western Burma. It is estimated that there are approximately 800,000 Rohingyas in Arakan State, and many hundreds of thousands of Rohingya refugees in other countries. The Burmese authorities have long had discriminatory policies and practices targeting the Rohingyas. Rohingya have suffered restrictions on marriage, freedom of movement, and religious practice. In addition, the regime has routinely subjected Rohingya to forced labour, extortion, land confiscation, and other human rights abuses.
Reports: Arakan State
Refugees International highlights the chance that the international community has, in this time of dramatic change in Burma, to end discrimination against the Rohingya and to restore their citizenship.
Refugees International details how the current situation in Burma’s Arakan/Rakhine State offers an opportunity for Bangladesh to resolve the issue of stateless Rohingya in Burma and in neighbouring countries.
Human Rights Watch describes the initial events that triggered the deadly sectarian violence which erupted in Arakan State in June 2012 as well as the acts of violence that followed by both Arakan and Rohingya, and the role of state security forces in both failing to intervene to stop sectarian violence and directly participating in abuses.
The Arakan Project report provides an overview of forced labour practices in Arakan State over a 6-month period from November 2011 to May 2012.
In 2010, the Irish Centre for Human Rights at NUI Galway found strong evidence that crimes against humanity are being committed against the Rohingyas of Northern Arakan State in Burma.